200 organisaties roepen ontwikkelingsbanken op mensenrechten centraal te stellen tijdens de Wereldtop over mondiale ontwikkeling

Van 9 tot 12 november zal in Parijs de ‘Finance in Common Summit’ doorgaan, een bijeenkomst op hoog niveau van alle ontwikkelingsbanken. In een brief gericht aan het Franse ontwikkelingsagentschap, dat de top organiseert, roepen meer dan 200 organisaties van over de hele wereld, waaronder FIAN, op om op mensenrechten gebaseerde principes en door gemeenschappen aangestuurde ontwikkeling als prioriteit te agenderen en ervoor te zorgen dat dit tevens wordt weerspiegeld in de eindresultaten van de bijeenkomst.

De beoogde doelstelling van de top is een collectief antwoord te bieden op mondiale uitdagingen, door kortetermijnoplossingen voor de COVID-19 crisis te verzoenen met duurzame herstelmaatregelen en de financiële stromen te heroriënteren naar de duurzame ontwikkelingsdoelstellingen (SDG’s).

Een effectieve dialoog vereist echter dat gemeenschappen die negatief getroffen worden door projecten van ontwikkelingsbanken en ondersteunende middenveldorganisaties volledig bij het proces betrokken worden. Activiteiten van ontwikkelingsbanken hebben in veel gevallen bijgedragen tot armoede, ongelijkheid en schendingen van de mensenrechten zonder effectief herstel voor de getroffen gemeenschappen. Het is daarom van cruciaal belang dat de bijeenkomst wijst op de noodzaak van eerbiediging van de internationale mensenrechtennormen voor het bereiken van de doelstellingen inzake duurzaam herstel.

De top moet de uitdagingen aanpakken die voortvloeien uit de toename van de investeringen, die vaak geen verankerde standaarden hebben voor het beoordelen van hun impact op mensenrechten, sociale bescherming, milieu, klimaatverandering en anti-corruptie. Waar wel standaarden bestaan, moet besproken worden hoe de niet-naleving ervan in de praktijk kan worden aangepakt.

De huidige pandemie heeft het falen van de gezondheids-, economische en sociale systemen blootgelegd. De kwetsbaarste groepen worden nog harder getroffen dan voordien. Daarom roepen verschillende gemeenschappen en organisaties ontwikkelingsbanken op ervoor te zorgen dat de financiering en steun aan COVID-19 herstelmaatregelen, en tijdens de economische herstelperiode nadien, respect voor mensenrechten garanderen en bijdragen aan economische, sociale en milieurechtvaardigheid.

U vindt de gedetailleerde aanbevelingen en de volledige originele brief hieronder terug (Engelstalige versie) :

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From November 9th to 12th, 2020, the French Development Agency will convene the first global summit of all Public Development Banks (PDBs). Gathering PDBs from around the world, it is aimed to provide a collective response to global challenges, reconciling short-term responses to the Covid-19 crisis with sustainable recovery measures, redirecting financial flows towards sustainable development objectives.

The summit is highly relevant and timely, but for a truly comprehensive and inclusive dialogue, it should draw lessons from the past to shape the strongest future with full participation of the communities impacted by PDB projects and supporting civil society organizations. In many instances, PDB supported activities have exacerbated poverty and inequality and human rights abuses such as reprisals against human rights defenders and forced evictions, without meaningful redress for affected communities. The summit should include reflection and discussion on the importance of respecting international human rights standards in achieving sustainable recovery goals, including addressing human rights abuses widely documented in PDB supported investments and projects. The summit should contend with the challenges of increased investment from PDBs lacking robust standards for human rights, social and environmental protection, climate change, and anti-corruption, or where those standards exist, how to address failures to follow them in practice.

The Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted and aggravated the failures of the health, social, and economic systems, requiring a deep rethinking of the way governments, PDBs, and other actors operate. Several grassroots community groups and organisations have been calling on PDBs to ensure that the funding and support they provide for the Covid-19 response, and during the economic recovery period, respects human rights and leads to economic, social and environmental justice for those who are most vulnerable. New impetus in attaining the core principle of “leave no one behind” is needed.

We welcome the opportunity to engage with PDBs during the summit to better serve the principles and goals of international human rights standards, the Paris Agreement, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), transparency, and accountability. To that end however, and as a matter of credibility and efficiency, it must be a priority to ensure human rights and community needs are explicitly discussed and part of the joint declaration foreseen at the end of the summit. As stated by OHCHR last year :

“with the most pivotal decade of SDG implementation ahead of us, human rights are not only the right way, but the smart way to accelerate progress for more equitable and sustainable development. Development is not just about changing the material conditions …. It is also about empowering people with voice … to be active participants in designing their own solutions and shaping development policy. … Empowering people means moving beyond purely technocratic solutions and treating people as passive objects of aid or charity. People are empowered when they are able to claim their rights and to shape the decisions, policies, rules and conditions that affect their lives.”

As SDGs are at the core of the summit, human rights and participation of communities are then key. That requires adapting the agenda and the expected outcomes. Our recommendations on ensuring an inclusive event follow :

1. Human Rights should be reflected in the core agenda of the summit, attendance and participation. As conceived, the research conference and summit do not appear to provide specific space to human rights defenders and community representatives. Commitment to public participation and protection of civil society space have long been recognised as essential to ensuring effective development. Human rights and grassroots organizations, human rights defenders, and communities should guide the future of the development model, and therefore should be involved in organizing, contributing to the agenda, and participating in the summit. It is a matter of priority to have human rights defenders and communities directly impacted by PDB activities at the table.

2. The principles of a human rights-based and community-led development should be included and highlighted on the expected deliverables of the summit including research papers and collective statements. We encourage governments and PDBs to make a commitment to reinforce and strengthen the principles of human rights-based and community-led development in PDBs’ mandate and governance ; policies and practices ; internal culture and incentives ; what projects and activities they support and invest in ; and how they work with other PDBs, governments and key actors. These commitments should lead to improvements, such as :

  • Full and free participation of directly affected communities in all PDB supported activities and projects, and free prior and informed consent for indigenous peoples. Innovative approaches will have to be developed to address the closing space, risks and challenges for communities, human rights defenders and civil society to meaningfully participate in decisions that impact their lives, livelihoods, environment and resources. Zero tolerance policies against threats and reprisals by PDBs and their clients should be a basic requirement.
  • Identifying investments that are aligned with international human rights, climate protection, and SDGs, and reorienting investments towards sustainable development that respects these standards, while ensuring that the priorities and needs of marginalised persons are met.
  • Improving social and environmental requirements through inclusion of human rights standards. PDBs and their clients should adhere to human rights principles and standards enshrined in international conventions. Safeguard policies and procedures should ensure that activities financed directly or indirectly by PDBs, respect human rights, do not contribute to human rights abuse, and contribute to equitable, inclusive development that benefits all persons.
  • Developing and improving transparency, monitoring, oversight, grievance and accountability mechanisms to actively prevent PDB activities and investments from undermining human rights.
  • Ensuring private sector clients or partners also adopt high human rights and environmental standards, and do not avoid or evade taxes.
  • Development of common guidance by PDBs on ex ante human rights due diligence and impact assessments in project investments and in support for economic reform policies or programs. This includes identification of contextual and specific risks, prevention and mitigation strategies, and remedy in line with international human rights norms. Ensure that these assessments are developed in close consultation with affected communities, and are updated iteratively based on changing conditions and new information.
  • Developing coordinated approaches to ensure that PDB supported activities do not exacerbate debt or contribute to cutbacks in public expenditure that will negatively impact human rights or access to essential services for the most vulnerable.
  • As reiterated by the OHCHR, effective governance for sustainable development requires non-discriminatory, inclusive, participatory, and accountable governance. With the most pivotal decade of SDG implementation ahead of us — and in the context of intersecting health, environmental, economic and social crises building greater integration and coherence between the development and human rights agendas will be key :

“Human rights are not only a guide on the right way to achieve SDG implementation, but the smart way to accelerate more sustainable and equitable development”.

PDBs should open channels for the meaningful participation of communities, human rights defenders, and civil society groups in the appraisal, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their projects and activities, as well as in their decision-making processes. For these reasons, the agenda and the deliverable of the summit should duly reflect the centrality of human rights and community-led development to effective and sustainable development.

Signatories

1. 350.org Japan
2. Abibiman Foundation Ghana
3. AbibiNsroma Foundation Ghana
4. Accountability Counsel USA
5. ACT Alliance Advocacy to the EU Belgium
6. ActionAid International International
7. Action contre la Faim France
8. Action Santé Mondiale France
9. Adivasi Nanjeewan Gathan Navjyoti Agua(ANGNA) India
10. Al-Haq Palestine
11. Alliance for Empowering Rural Communities Ghana
12. Al-Marsad- Arab Human rights Center in Golan Heights Occupied Syrian Golan
13. ALTSEAN-Burma (Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma) Burma/Myanmar
14. Alyansa Tigil Mina Philippines
15. Ancien Rapporteur Spécial des Nations unies sur la situation des défenseurs des droits de l’Homme (2014-2020) France
16. Arab Forum for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (AFRPD) MENA
17. Arab Watch Coalition MENA
18. ARA e.V. (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Regenwald und Artenschutz) Germany
19. ASIA INDIGENOUS PEOLES NETWORK ON EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND ENERGY Asia
20. Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) Thailand
21. Asociacion para el Desarrollo Integral de las victimas de la Violencia en las Verapaces, Maya Achi.- ADIVIMA- Guatemala, CA.
22. Asociación Unión de Talleres 11 de Septiembre Bolivia
23. Association Democratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) Morocco
24. Association Green Alternative Georgia
25. Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons Indian Administered Jammu and Kashmir
26. Association Rwandaise pour la Défense des Droits de la Personne et des Libertés Publiques, ADL. Rwanda
27. Association Tunisienne pour le Droit de Développement Tunisia
28. Autistic Minority International Switzerland/global
29. Bank Information Center USA
30. Bankwatch Network Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)
31. Both ENDS Netherlands
32. Bretton Woods Project UK
33. Buliisa Initiative for Rural Development Organisation (BIRUDO) Uganda
34. Business & Human Rights Resource Centre Global
35. Bytes For All, Pakistan
36. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) Middle East and North Africa
37. Canadian Lawyers for International Human Rights (CLAIHR) Canada
38. CARE France France
39. Catholic Board of Education Odisha
40. Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) International
41. Center for Pan-African Affairs USA
42. Centre for Human Rights and Development Mongolia
43. Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur Manipur, India
44. Centre Libanais des droits humains (CLDH) Liban
45. Centro de Investigación y Promoción de los derechos Humanos Honduras Centro América
46. Centro de Políticas Públicas y Derechos Humanos – Perú EQUIDAD Peru
47. Centro Mexicano de Derecho Ambiental, A.C. (CEMDA) México
48. Centro Nicaraguense de Derechos Humanos CENIDH Nicaragua América Central
49. Chairperson Oil Workers’ Rights Protection Organization Public Union Azerbaijan
50. Civil Society Institute NGO, Armenia Armenia
51. CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network) Bangladesh
52. Climate Action Network Europe
53. Climate Action Network International Mexico
54. CNCD-11.11.11 Belgium
55. CNS/ Asha Parivar India
56. Coalition for Human Rights in Development – Global
57. Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) Commonwealth/India
58. Community Empowerment and Social Justice Network (CEMSOJ) Nepal
59. Consejo de Pueblos Wuxhtaj Guatemala, Centro América
60. Convergencia por los Derechos Humanos (CAFCA, CALDH, CIIDH, ECAP, ICCPG, ODHAG, SEDEM, UDEFEGUA, UNAMG) Guatemala
61. Coordinadora de Comunidades Afectadas por la Cosntruccion de la Hidroelectrica Chixoy.-COCAHICH- Guatemala
62. Counter Balance Europe
63. Crude Accountability USA
64. Damascus Center for human rights studies Syria
65. Defenders Protection Initiative -DPI Uganda /Africa
66. Democracy and Workers’ Rights Center in Palestine
67. Derecho Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Peru
68. Disabled People’s International (DPI) International
69. Displaced Kids Association Iraq
70. EarthRights International USA
71. Egyptian Center for Civil and Legislative Reform (ECCLR) Egypt
72. Environics Trust India
73. Eurodad (European Network on Debt and Development) Belgium / Europe
74. European Network on Debt and Development, Eurodad Europe
75. FIAN Austria Austria
76. FIAN Belgium Belgium
77. FIAN Germany Germany
78. FIAN International Switzerland for the Right to Food Switzerland
79. FIAN International International
80. FIAN Sweden Sweden
81. First Peoples Worldwide USA
82. FOCSIV Italy
83. Forest Peoples Programme Netherlands and UK
84. Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (FHRI) Uganda
85. Foundation for the Conservation of the Earth Nigeria
86. Freedom from Debt Coalition Philippines
87. Freedom House Global
88. Friends of the Earth United States USA
89. Friends of the Siberian Forests Russia
90. Friends with Environment in Development East Africa
91. Front Line Defenders Ireland
92. Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN) Argentina
93. Fundación para el Desarrollo de Políticas Sustentables (Fundeps) Argentina
94. Global Forum for Media Development (GFMD) Belgium/International
95. Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Global
96. Global Policy Forum International
97. Global Social Justice Switzerland
98. Global Witness Global
99. Green Advocates International Liberia
100. Haki Jamii Rights Centre Kenya
101. Heartland Initiative USA
102. Heinrich Böll Stiftung Washington, DC USA
103. HRM “Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan” Kyrgyzstan
104. Human Rights Center of Georgia Georgia
105. Human Rights in China (HRIC) China
106. iLaw Thailand
107. India Indigenous Peoples India
108. Indian Social Action Forum India
109. Indigenous Peoples Forum Odisha India
110. Inspire Girls Foundation (IGF) Uganda
111. Interamerican Association for Environmental Defense Latin America
112. International Accountability Project Global
113. International Dalit Solidarity Network South Asia
114. International Federation for Human Rights International
115. Internationale Liga für Menschenrechte Deutschland
116. International Rivers USA and Global
117. International Trade Union Confederation Global
118. International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW Asia Pacific) Malaysia
119. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) Denmark
120. Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society Indian Administered Jammu and Kashmir
121. Joy for Children Uganda
122. Just Associates (JASS) – Mesoamerica, Southeast Asia and Southern Africa
123. Justice for Iran Iran
124. Kenya Union of Hair and Beauty Workers (KUHABWO) Kenya
125. Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak atas Air (KRuHA) Indonesia
126. Lao Movement for Human Rights Laos
127. Las abejas Mexico
128. Latin America Working Group (LAWG) USA
129. Latvian Human Rights Committee Latvia
130. Lawyers’ Association for Human Rights of Nepalese Indigenous Peoples (LAHURNIP) Nepal
131. Lawyers for Human Rights, Manipur India
132. Leadership Initiative for Transformation and Empowerment(LITE) Africa Nigeria
133. League for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran – Iran
134. Lebanese Union of Persons with Physical Disabilities (LUPD) Lebanon
135. LGBT Centre Mongolia
136. Liga voor de Rechten van de Mens (Dutch League for Human Rights) The Netherlands
137. Ligue des droits de l’Homme – France (LDH) France
138. Lok Shakti Abhiyan India
139. Lumière Synergie pour le Développement Senegal
140. Maldivian Democracy Network (MDN) Maldives
141. MANUSHYA Foundation Southeast Asia
142. Mekong Watch Mekong Region
143. Mitini Nepal South Asia
144. MONFEMNET National Network NGO Mongolia
145. Movimento Nacional de Direitos Humanos – MNDH Brasil Brazil
146. Narasha Community Development Group Kenya
147. National Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NAFIN) Nepal
148. National Union of Domestic Employees Trinidad and Tobago – Caribbean
149. NGO Forum on ADB Asia
150. NGO “Youth Group on Protection of Environment” Tajikistan
151. NomoGaia USA and Global
152. Odhikar Bangladesh
153. Odisha Adivasi Manch India
154. Oil Change International Global
155. OPEN ASIA|Armanshahr Afghanistan
156. Oyu Tolgoi Watch Mongolia
157. Pakistan Kissan(Farmers) Rabta Committee United Kingdom
158. Partnership for Policy Integrity USA
159. Peace Brigades International Global
160. Phenix Center for Economic & Informatic Studies Jordan
161. Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA) Philippines
162. Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ) Philippines
163. Press Freedom Advocacy Association Iraq
164. Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy, Northeastern University School of Law USA
165. Project on Organizing, Development, Education and Research (PODER) México and Latinoamerica
166. Protection International – Global
167. Psychological Responsiveness NGO Mongolia
168. “Public Administration New Initiative” NGO Mongolia
169. Recourse The Netherlands
170. Réseau Action Climat France France
171. Réseau Camerounais des Organisations des Droits de l’Homme (RECODH) Afrique
172. Réseau International des Droits Humains RIDH Genève, Suisse
173. Resonate ! Yemen Yemen
174. Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID) United Kingdom
175. Rivers without Boundaries Coalition -Mongolia Mongolia
176. Rivers without Boundaries International Coalition Eurasian continent
177. Sisters’ Arab Forum for Human Rights (SAF) Yemen
178. Social Initiatives for Growth and Networking (SIGN) India
179. Sri Lanka Nature Group Sri Lanka
180. Steps Without Borders NGO Mongolia
181. Studies and Economic Media Center (SEMC) Yemen
182. SUARAM Malaysia
183. Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression France
184. Tata Institute of Social Sceinces India
185. Tebtebba Philippines
186. The Lao Movement for Human Rights Laos
187. The PRINCESS center for girls and young women’s rights Mongolia
188. The Society of the Divine Word India
189. Thy Kingdom Come Foundation India
190. Tunisian Association for Governance and Social Accountability (GoAct) Tunisia
191. Tunisian Association for Local Governance Tunisia
192. Union for Civil Liberty Thailand
193. Universal Rights and Development NGO Mongolia
194. urgewald Germany
195. VedvarendeEnergi Denmark and international
196. Verein für sozial-ökologischen Wandel Germany and International
197. Vietnam Committee on Human Rights (VCHR) Vietnam
198. Wedian Association for Social Development – Yemen
199. Witness Radio – Uganda – Uganda
200. Women Engage for a Common Future – International
201. WoMin African Alliance – Africa
202. Yemeni Organization for Promoting Integrity (OPI) Yemen
203. Yemen Observatory for Human Rights Yemen
204. Youth For Environment Education And Development Foundation (YFEED Foundation) Nepal

205. Public Interest Law Center (PILC) – USA
206. Programme d’Appui à la Femme et à l’Enfance Déshéritée (PAFED)
207. Project HEARD – Netherlands
208. Equidad de Género : Ciudadanía, Trabajo y Familia – Mexico
209. Environment Governance Institute – Uganda
210. Alliance for Empowering Rural Communities – Ghana
211. Human Rights International Corner ETS – Italy
212. Policy Alert – Nigeria
213. Heinrich Böll Stiftung – Washington, DC – USA

214. Fundacion Cauce (Cultura Ambiental, Causa Ecologista) – Argentina

215 Centro de Estudios de la Región Cuicateca, Oaxaca – México

216 WATED – Tanzania

217 Environment Governance Institute – Uganda

218 Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM) – Indonesia

219 Center for Economic and Social Rights – USA

220 Wemos – The Netherlands

221 Ligue des droits humains – Belgium

222 Asociación Ambiente y Sociedad – Colombia

223 FOCO Foro Ciudadano de Participación por la Justicia y los Derechos Humanos – Argentina

224 Dynamo International – Belgium

225 Human Rights Watch – International